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Ahunavaiti GATHA

Song 3

Good and Evil

(11 stanzas -- Days 26th to 36th)

26th Day

Transliterated Text:

 at t vaxshy ishet
mazdth hyatct vdush
staotc ahuri
esnyc vanghush manangh
humzdr ash ec
raocbsh daresat urvz.
           

Translated Text: 

Now I shall speak to those who wish
to hear of the two principles,
which are of importance even to the wise.
I shall also, with reverence for good mind
and the  good consideration of righteousness,
have praises for the Lord,
so that you may see brilliant happiness.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 1)

Summary Substance: Zarathushtra opens a new chapter in his Divine Doctrine -- Good and Evil, two important principles that have even perplexed the wise.  To understand the problem, he keeps in view good mind and the approach to the problem through the Universal Law of Righteousness, of precision -- two important points to solve the problem.  And as usual, he has his praises for God, the guide who leads us by means of our good mind and righteousness to radiant happiness.

Pondering Points: Good and Evil, two ever-posing problems, can be solved through clear thinking and understanding of the Universal Law of precise regulation.


27th Day

Transliterated Text:

sraot gushish vahisht
avanat sc manangh
varen vcithahy
narm narem xvaxyi tanuy
par maz ngh
ahmi n sazdyi baodat pait.

Translated Text:

Hear the best with your ears
and ponder with a bright mind.
Then each man and woman, for his or her self,
select either of the [following] two.
Awaken to this Doctrine of ours
before the Great Event of Choice ushers in.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 2)

Summary Substance: Freedom of choice is for all, men and women.  Zarathushtra is about to expound his doctrine of good and evil.  He wants every person to hear the best, not superfluous and superstitious sayings. Although the best, it must be studied with a clear mind and then the choice be made between the two.  He recommends that before the great choice for the way of life is made, one should take into consideration the Divine Doctrine presented by him and his companions.  The choice of good as presented by him would eventually mean choosing the Good Religion.

Pondering Points: Even the best sayings must be studied and that too clearly.  Freedom of considerate choice is for all.  Man and woman are equal.  Zarathushtra does not force his Doctrine.  He only proposes

28th Day

Transliterated Text:

at t mainy pouruy
m khvafen asrvtem
manahic vacahic
shyaothani h vahy akemc
sc hudngh eresh vshyt
nit duzhdngh.

Translated Text:

Now, the two foremost mentalities,
known to be imaginary twins,
are the better and the bad
in thoughts, words, and deeds.
Of these the beneficent choose correctly,
but not so the maleficent.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 3)

Summary Substance: Good and Evil are mentalities, not entities.  The talk about their being twins is pure imagination. One is good, getting better day by day.  It is the progressive good.  The other is bad. Both are thought in mind and then translated into words and deeds.  Beneficence leads one to choose good, and maleficence takes one towards evil.

Pondering Points: It is human mind which creates good thoughts, words and deeds or otherwise.  Not mythical entities. Think good, get better. Think evil, see evil.


29th Day

Transliterated Text:

atc hyat t hm mainy
jasatem paourvm dazd
gamc ajyitmc
athc anghat apmem anghush
acisht dregvatm
at ashun vahishtem man.

Translated Text:

Now, when the two mentalities
first got together,
they created "life" and "not-living."
Until the end of existence,
the worst mind shall be for the wrongful,
and the best mind shall be for the righteous.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 4)

Summary Substance: When the two mentalities begin functioning, the good creates true life but the other disrupts it into a wretched living.  It makes one live without enjoying life. An evil mind turns one to think, talk and do wrong, and grow worse.   A brilliant mind builds one into a righteous person.  This is the Universal Law. Only a return to the better mentality can save one.

Pondering Points: Life is for living and not wasting.  Wrong deludes to ever-worse misery. Right leads to good, better, best.


30th Day

Transliterated Text:

ay maniv varat
dregv acisht verezy
ashem mainyush spnisht
xraozhdishtg asn vast
ac xshnaoshen ahurem
haithyish shyaothanish fraoret mazdm.

Translated Text:

Of these two mentalities,
the wrongful mentality chose worst actions,
and the most progressive mentality,
as steadfast as rock, chose righteousness.
Therefore, those who would please the Wise God,
may do so by choosing true actions.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 5)

Summary Substance:  A wrongful mentality chooses worst deeds.  It wavers.  But the most progressive mentality stands firm in its choice of righteousness.  It does not waver at all.  Choice is free but God is pleased when one chooses good to end in good deeds.

Pondering Points:  Wrong wavers. Right is firm.  Choose right and please God.


31st Day

Transliterated Text:

ay nit eresh vshyt davcin
hyat sh -debaom
peresmang up-jasat
hyat verent acishtem man,
at ashemem hdvret
bnayen ahm maretn.

Translated Text:

Between these two,
the seekers of false gods did not decide correctly,
because delusion came to them in their deliberations.
Therefore, they chose the worst mind,
rushed in wrath,
and afflicted the human existence.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 6)

Summary Substance:  Friends of falsehood do not decide correctly.  They are deluded when discussing because of their blind faith and lack of consideration.  Choosing wrong means instigating an evil thinking mind to resort to wrath and consequently harm and hurt human life.

Pondering Points:  Falsehood misguides.  Misguidance results in frustration, fury, force, and destruction.


32nd Day

Transliterated Text:

 ahmic xshathr jasat
manangh voh ashc
at kehrpm utayitsh
dadt rmaitish nm
ashm ti anghat
ath ayangh dnish pouruy.

Translated Text:

But to the person who chooses correctly,
comes endurance of body
and steadfast serenity
through strength, good mind, and righteousness.
Of all these, such a person shall be Yours,
because he has come fully out of the fiery test.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 7)

Summary Substance: The person who makes the right choice, gets endurance and lasting stability through strength, good mind and righteousness.  It is a difficult task, a hard ordeal to pass through. But it means to belong to God.  It is a hard-won blessing.

Pondering Points: Right choice, hard to make, has a great reward -- God. 


33rd Day

Transliterated Text:

atc ad ashm kan
jamait ananghm
at mazd taiby xshathrem
voh manangh vivdit
aiby sast ahur
i ashi daden zastay drujem.

Translated Text:

And when the sinners undergo their punishment,
then, O Wise One, the dominion will be realized
for them through good mind.
God, then they shall be taught
how to deliver the wrong into the hands of righteousness.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 8)

Summary Substance: Wrong choice has its evil consequences, but as soon as one becomes wise enough to realize the folly, it is over.  One is thereafter safe to learn how to replace wrong with right.

Pondering Points: Evil consequence is temporary.  Be wise, give it up, and right is yours.


34th Day

Transliterated Text:

atc ti vam xym
i m ferashm kerenun ahm,
mazdsc ahurngh
myastr baran ashc
hyat hathr man bavat
athr cistish anghat math.

Translated Text:

And may we be among those
who make this life fresh!
You, lords of wisdom,
who bring happiness through righteousness,
come, let us be single-minded
in the realm of inner intellect.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 9)

Summary Substance:  A solemn prayer, an earnest desire to be among those who renovate life here in this world on rightful basis.  It means continuous progress, ever-fresh happiness. Happiness comes when one is not only a master wise but also agrees in full with other masters of wisdom.

Pondering Points: Continuous renovation comes through cooperation of good master minds. It is ideal.

35th Day

Transliterated Text:

ad z av drj
av bavait sked spayathrahy
at asisht aojat
hushitish vanghush manangh
mazd ashaxyc
i zazet vanghu sravah.

Translated Text:

Then, indeed, the power of wrong
shall be shattered.
Then those who strive with good name
shall immediately be united
in the good abode of good mind
and righteousness of the Wise One.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 10)

Summary Substance: Continuous renovation of life means removal of wrongful in power.  It means instant unity and close cooperation in a divine state where good mind and righteousness work.

Pondering Points: Refresh to remove wrong and live wisely and rightly with God.


36th Day

Transliterated Text:

hyat t urvt sashath
mazd dadt mashyngh
xvtic neit
hyatc daregm dregvdeby rash
savac ashavaby
at aip tish anghait usht.

Translated Text: 

If you understand the two principles
of prosperity and adversity
established by the Wise One,
which are a long suffering for the wrongful
and a lasting good for the righteous;
you shall, then, enjoy  radiant happiness.

(Gathas: Song 3 - stanza 11)

Summary Substance: The Divine principle is that Good and Evil mean prosperity and adversity.  The wrongful suffer long and the rightful enjoy eternal good.  If one understands this simple point, he or she will be happy and radiate happiness to others.

Pondering Points: Evil sets suffering.  Good gives joy. Joy brings joy to self and others.

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